Tuesday 26 March 2013

पाँचखालमा ‘अभ्यास शान्ति प्रयास अन्तराष्ट्रिय तालिम (प्रधानसेनापतिको बक्तब्यसहित)

स्यावास् सेना !

पाँचखाल (काभ्रे) । संयुक्त राष्ट्र सङ्घको आह्वानमा शान्ति स्थापनार्थ खटिने शान्ति सेनाको युद्धकला, मानवअधिकार रक्षालगायतका विविध विषयमा थप क्षमता अभिवृद्धि गर्न ‘अभ्यास शान्ति प्रयास भाग दुई’ अन्तराष्ट्रिय तालिम शुरु भएको छ । पाँचखालस्थित वीरेन्द्र सैनिक अभ्यास तालिम केन्द्रमा पुगेर मन्त्रीपरिषद अध्यक्ष खिलराज रेग्मीले तालिमको उद्घाटन गरे ।  नेपाली सेना र अमेरिकी सरकारको पिस अप्रेसन सपोर्ट तथा प्यासिफिक कमाण्डद्वारा संयुक्तरूपमा आयोजना भएको तालिम २५ चैतसम्म सञ्चालन हुनेछ । 
कार्यक्रमलाई सम्बोधन गर्दै मन्त्रीपरिषद अध्यक्ष रेग्मीले विश्वमा मानवअधिकारको रक्षा र विधिको शासन स्थापित भएमा मात्र अन्तराष्ट्रिय शान्ति सुरक्षा मजबुत हुने बताए । उनले नेपाल संयुक्त राष्ट्रसङ्घको भावनाअनुरूप शान्ति स्थापना गर्न उच्च प्राथमिकताका साथ लागिरहेको बताए । विश्व शान्ति स्थापकका लागि विधिको शासन मुख्य सिद्धान्त हुनुपर्ने उनको भनाई थियो । कार्यक्रममा प्रधानसेनापति गौरवशम्शेर राणा, मेरिकाका प्यासिफिक कमाण्डका प्रमुख थोमस क्याननले पनि बोलेका थिए ।
अभ्यास कार्यक्रममा नेपालसहित दक्षिण एसियाली क्षेत्रीय सहयोग सङ्गठन (सार्क) क्षेत्रका देश, जोडर्न, क्यानडा, कम्बोडिया, अमेरिका, बेलायतलगायतका २३ देशका क्षेत्रीय शान्ति तालिम केन्दका केन्द्रपति, उच्च सैनिक अधिकृत तथा सैनिकहरू गरी करिब ८०४ जना सहभागी रहेको सेनाले जनाएको छ ।
 सन् २००० मा नेपालले पहिलो पटक सो कार्यक्रम आयोजना गरेको थियो । सन् १९५८ देखि संयुक्त राष्ट्रसङ्घको आह्वानमा शान्ति स्थापक मिसनमा सहभागिता जनाउँदै आएको सेनाले दोस्रोपटक तालिमको संयोजन गरेको हो । सेनाका अनुसार हालसम्म गरी ९५ हजार नेपाली सैनिक शान्ति स्थापना कार्यमा सहभागी हुँदैआएका छन् ।
 अभ्यासका कार्यक्रम तालिम केन्द्र पाँचखाल र अन्य तालिम काठमाडौँमा सञ्चालन हुने छन् । तालिमअन्तर्गत शान्ति स्थापनासम्बन्धी माथिल्लो तहमा आइपर्ने समस्या, तिनको समाधान तथा आगामी दिनमा अपनाइने नीतिका बारेमा सहभागीहरूबीच अनुभवको आदानप्रदान हुनेछन् । अभ्यास तालिमअन्तर्गत युद्धकला, चेक प्वाइन्टलगायत ९वटा विषयमा जानकारी दिइने छ ।

 (25 Mar, 2013)
1.    I am honored to have this opportunity to speak before this august gathering and it is my pleasure to welcome you all to this Multi-National Peacekeeping Exercise- 'SHANTI PRAYAS-II', co-hosted by the Nepalese Army and US Pacific Command.
2.    This is indeed a significant day for us because it all began here in the Birendra Peace Operations Training Center some thirteen years ago. This concept of conducting Multi-platoon training events encompassing platoons of various nations in one place was successfully implemented here when the Nepalese Army and US Pacific Command jointly conducted 'Exercise- Shanti Prayas' involving only four countries. Today, I am pleased to see 23 different countries represented from different regions and continents.  At this point, I would like to laud the efforts of the US Pacific Command and the GPOI for their untiring efforts in ensuring that this idea of collectivism, jointness, and interoperability in Peacekeeping Operations is embraced and carried forward by all the participating countries in the interest of global peace and security.
3.    Owing to the nature of modern conflicts, the missions undertaken by modern day peacekeepers have seen a paradigm shift. This has led to the requirement of unique capabilities for peacekeepers, whereby they are not just interposing between two warring parties but are expected to conduct a wide range of activities including peace enforcement operations, peace building, policing, security sector reform, demining, transitional justice, governance and election support. To cope up with such ever evolving mandates and rapidly changing situations on the ground, peacekeepers today need to remain relevant, versatile, flexible and adaptable.
4.  The United Nations peace keeping operations have thus evolved over the years both in norms, policies and institutions. It has implemented series of reform initiatives in order to meet the challenges posed by emerging threats and to make its peacekeeping operations more robust. Beginning from the implementation of the Brahimi report to the New Horizon initiative; the UN has made a significant departure from traditional to multidisciplinary approach to peacekeeping that aims to combine components of political, security, rule of law and human rights in fulfillment of its mandate which has taken center stage.
5.     The increasing gap between the expanded set of mission requirements and existing capabilities in order to improve the effectiveness of peace keeping missions through better planning, preparation and integrated training is thus an indispensible component for any successful peacekeeping operation. Nevertheless, all peacekeeping operations are unique in their context and challenges and may therefore demand a different approach. For this reason alone, it is an imperative for all troop contributing countries to share their experiences, best practices and lessons learnt with one another in order to effectively perform in modern multidimensional peacekeeping operations.
Distinguished Guests, Ladies and Gentlemen,
6.    The co-hosting of Exercise 'Shanti Prayas- II' is a demonstration of Nepal’s firm commitment to United Nations and its undertakings. I am confident that this exercise will facilitate in fostering a global partnership for peace and stability among the various countries.
7.    I take this opportunity to thank all the facilitators, subject matter experts, instructors, participants and observers who have contributed in this exercise by imparting their knowledge and sharing their expertise, to build a common understanding of the requirement of peacekeepers in multidimensional peacekeeping mission.  We are very much indebted to the troop and Staff contributing countries of Australia, Bangladesh, Cambodia, Canada, Ghana, India, Indonesia, Japan, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Mongolia, Paraguay, Philippines, Rwanda, Republic of Korea, Sri Lanka, Tajikistan, Thailand, United Kingdom, United States of America and Vietnam. We could not have done it without your presence, goodwill and commitment.
8.   Nepal has been a major troop contributor, in UN peacekeeping since 1958. 95,000 Nepalese peacekeepers have participated in 39 United Nations Peace Keeping missions. Presently 3,834 Nepalese Army personnel are deployed in 11 ongoing missions which is indicative of her unwavering commitment towards international peace and security.
9.    Before I conclude, I would like to extend my sincere gratitude to the US Government and US Pacific Command in particular for co-hosting this exercise.  I would also like to express my sincere gratitude and appreciation to Rt. Honorable Chairman of the Council of Ministers and all the distinguished guests for your valuable presence at this ceremony. Once again a very warm welcome! and wish you all a very pleasant stay in Nepal.
Thank You!

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