Friday, 8 February 2019

Dr. Lohani- Gujral Dialogue in 1996, Understanding for Border Regulation and Water Transport

Visit of the Foreign Minister of Nepal, Dr. P. C. Lohani to India The following is the text of. a press release issued in New Delhi on August 14, 1996 on visit of the Foreign Minister of Nepal, Dr. P. C. Lohani to India:

The Foreign Minister of Nepal Dr. Prakash Chandra Lohani paid an official visit to New Delhi from 12-14 August 1996, at the invitation of the Minister of External Affairs of India. During the course of his stay, apart from official talks with the External Affairs Minister, he called on the Prime Minister, the Home Minister, the Leader of the Opposition Mr. Atal Bihari Vajpayee,the former Prime Minister, Mr. P. V. Narasimha Rao as well as other
dignitaries and political personalities in New Delhi.
All major aspects of bilateral relations were reviewed in a warm and friendly atmosphere, which characterises the close and cordial relations between India and Nepal. The two sides expressed happiness at the growing cooperation,between the two countries. The discussions interalia covered, review of the 1950 Treaty of Peace & Friendship,questions relating to trade, transit and investment as well as regional issues.
Both sides agreed to continue talks at appropriate levels on the question of reviewing the Treaty.
The Nepalese Foreign Minister expressed appreciation at the progress made, during the recent visit of the Indian Commerce Secretary to Kathmandu, in meeting the Nepalese request for removing the 50 % material and labour content requirement for duty free imports, of products of Nepalese manufacture, into India. The understanding reached in principle. on streamlining the countervailing duties levied, on Nepalese exports to India, was also a
welcome development. The Ministers agreed that the understanding reached during thevisit, should be formalized within the near future. It was agreed that the Trade Treaty which is to expire in  December 1996, should be renewedas soon as possible and would duly reflect the above decisions.
The sides reiterated their common desire to encourage and accelerate the pace of Indian investments in Nepal.The External Affairs Minister informed the Foreign Minister that formulation of a new policy in this regard was under consideration by the Indian Ministry of Finance. It was noted that the CII team had been commissioned to undertake a study at an early date, on the setting up of one or more Export Processing Zones in Nepal. The Nepalese
side requested that the Nepal Rashtra Bank be permitted to invest funds in high yield treasury bills in India. It was agreed to give early consideration to the request.
The External Affairs Minister noted the practical difficulties being faced by Nepal in using the existing transit route through Radhikapur. He agreed, in principle, that the Government of India will facilitate an overland transit route through and to Bangladesh. The sides agreed that appropriate modalities would be finalised expeditiously.
The sides noted that the High Level Task Force meeting had taken place last week in New Delhi, and expressed satisfaction at the good progress achieved in implementing projects in Nepal with Indian assistance.
The sides considered the decisions reached during the last round of 'Air Services Talks' held in New Delhi. The External Affairs Minister stated that India was favourably disposed, in principle, to the requests made by the Nepalese side. It was agreed that steps would be taken to have early bilateral talks between the Civil Aviation Ministries in order to conclude a new Civil Aviation Agreement.
Recognising the potential in the area, the sides agreed to have early discussions on utilising river transportation to facilitate movement of goods to and from Nepal.
Both sides reiterated their commitment not to allow any activities in the territory of either country prejudicial tothe security of the other.
In order to discourage movement of undesirable elements across the open border, the two sides agreed that there should be a more effective system of monitoring of movement across the border. It was also agreed to set up a Joint Working Group to make suitable recommend
ations to the two Government in this regard.
The External Affairs Minister of India apprised the Nepalese Foreign Minister of the problems being faced by Indian school and university teachers in Nepal. The Foreign Minister of Nepal assured that the matter was receiving sympathetic consideration and hoped that it would be resolved at an early date, to mutual satisfaction.
The Foreign Minister reiterated the invitation from the Nepalese Prime Minister, to the Indian Prime Minister\for an early visit to Nepal. The Prime Minister said that he was looking forward to the visit in the near future, on mutually convenient dates.
Aug 14, 1996

Source- Ministry of External Affairs file, Delhi

Friday, 14 December 2018

IOM-Local Government Partner to Build Multi-purpose Evacuation Center

Kathmandu, 14 Dec – IOM and Changu Narayan Municipality in Bhaktapur District have begun work on a multi-purpose evacuation center to accommodate displaced people in the event of a disaster.
 The initiative is part of an IOM project: People to People Support for Building Community Resilience through Recovery and Reconstruction in Nepal (P2P)” funded by the Royal Thai Government.
 Thai Ambassador to Nepal Bhakavat Tanskul, IOM Chief of Mission Paul Norton and Changu Narayan Municipality Mayor Som Prasad Mishra attended the groundbreaking ceremony, which took place today (14/12) at Helmet Danda, Bhaktapur. District officials and representatives of the Ministry of Urban Development, the Armed Forces and the community also took part.
Addressing the event Ambassador Tanskul said, “Today’s ground breaking ceremony for the construction of a multipurpose community center in Changu Narayan Municipality is an auspicious moment for our two countries for it represents Thailand’s support to strengthen disaster risk reduction and empowering Nepali people in disaster -prone area”.
 "It is my honor to mention that the fund for this project came from the donation of Thai people to help Nepal recover from the earthquake 2015."
“Post-earthquake reconstruction work in Nepal is an opportunity to incorporate risk reduction measures, while rebuilding damaged infrastructure to eliminate pre-existing vulnerabilities. We have to increase resilience to future hazards in this highly disaster-prone country,” said IOM Chief of Mission Paul Norton, speaking at the event.
 “This pre-designated, multi-hazard resistant community center will be used to host displaced people, giving priority to the most vulnerable, including pregnant women, children, people with special needs and the elderly,” he added.
 The center will also serve as a venue for community activities, including women’s and youth groups, community-based training, recreational pursuits, adult literacy classes, information dissemination and income generating activities.
 The 2015 earthquakes in Nepal displaced approximately 2.8 million people. Some 117,700 people in the 14 worst affected districts were forced to find shelter in makeshift camps.
 In the Kathmandu Valley open spaces previously identified by the authorities with support from IOM immediately became camp cities. Some remaining infrastructure such as schools and community buildings were also used for immediate shelter, medical and humanitarian assistance.
Changu Narayan Municipality Mayor Som Prasad Mishra said that the evacuation center would be another stepping stone towards his municipality’s commitment to build a disaster-resilient community. He thanked Thailand and IOM for their support for the municipality’s disaster preparedness, disaster risk reduction and resilience efforts.
 IOM plans to build similar multi-purpose structures in seven other municipalities in earthquake affected districts - Kathmandu, Lalitpur, Gorkha, Dhading, Rasuwa, Sindhupalchowk and Dolakha. UNDP and other humanitarian agencies have agreed to provide water, sanitation and hygiene facilities.

अमेरिका जाँदै परराष्ट्रमन्त्री, डेढ दशकपछि उच्चस्तरीय औपचारिक वार्ता

  • पर्शुराम काफ्ले , Source :

काठमाडौं, २८ मंसिर
नेपालबाट करिब डेढ दशकपछि नेपाल र अमेरिकाबीच उच्चस्तरीय द्धिपक्षीय औपचारिक वार्ता हुन लागेको छ । अमेरिकी विदेशमन्त्री माइक आर पोम्पियोको निमन्त्रणामा परराष्ट्रमन्त्री प्रदीपकुमार ज्ञवाली औपचारिक भ्रमणका लागि आइतवार राती प्रस्थान गर्दैछन् । एक साताका लागि अमेरिका जान लागेका परराष्ट्रमन्त्रीले ३ र ४ पुसमा उच्चस्तरीय भेटवार्ता गर्नेछन् । 
नेपालका परराष्ट्रमन्त्रीलाई अमेरिकी समकक्षीको निमन्त्रणा १६ बर्षपछि आएको हो । परराष्ट्रमन्त्रालयले आइतवार सार्वजनिक गर्ने कार्यतालिका अनुसार मन्त्री ज्ञवालीले   ३ र ४ पुसमा अमेरिकी उच्च अधिकारीसँग भेटवार्ता गर्नेछन् । परराष्ट्रमन्त्री ज्ञवालीले ३ पुसमा समकक्षी माइक आर पोम्पियोसँग द्धिपक्षीय वार्ता गर्ने कार्यक्रम छ । ज्ञवालीसँगै परराष्ट्रसचिव शंकरदास बैरागी, परराष्ट्रमन्त्रालयको युरोप अमेरिका महाशाखा प्रमुख घनश्याम भण्डारीसहित अधिकारी अमेरिका जाने कार्यक्रम छ । भ्रमणदलमा वासिंटनस्थित नेपाली राजदूत डा अर्जुन कार्की सहभागी हुनेछन् । 
सन् १९४७ मा नेपाल र अमेरिकाबीच कूटनीतिक सम्बन्ध स्थापित भएको थियो । बेलायतपछि नेपालले कूटनीतिक सम्बन्ध स्थापना गरेको दोस्रो मुलुक अमेरिका हो । विगतमा नेपाल र अमेरिकाबीच उच्चस्तरीय भ्रमण हुने गरेपनि नेपालको घरेलु द्धन्द्धपछि रोकिएको थियो । नयाँ सरकार गठनपछि अमेरिकाले नेपाललाई प्राथमिकतामा राखेको अर्थमा ज्ञवालीको भ्रमणलाई लिइएको छ । 
ज्ञवालीले अमेरिकी अधिकारीसँग नेपालको शान्ति प्रक्रिया र विकासको प्राथमिकताबारे छलफल गर्ने परराष्ट्र अधिकारीले बताए । अमेरिकाबाट नेपालमा ७ अर्ब ४० करोड रुपियाँ प्रत्यक्ष वैदेशिक लगानी (एफडीआइ) आएको छ  । परराष्ट्रमन्त्रालयका अनुसार युएसएडबाट नेपाललाई १३ करोड ४० लाख ६ हजार रुपियाँ विकास सहायता प्राप्त भएको छ । नेपाल र अमेरिकाबीच सन् १९५१ जनवरी २३मा अमेरिकी सहयोगसम्बन्धी पहिलो सम्झौतामा हस्ताक्षर भएको थियो । स्रोतका अनुसार दीगो विकास लक्ष्य अन्तर्गत र भुकम्पपछिको पुनर्निर्माणमा अमेरिकाले दिएको सहयोगप्रति ज्ञवालीले धन्यवाद दिँदै नेपालमा थप अमेरिकी लगानीका लागि आग्रह गर्नेछन् ।  
१६ बर्षअघि देउवा अमेरिकामा, पावेल नेपालमा 
तत्कालीन प्रधानमन्त्री शेरबहादुर देउवाले २०५८ वैशाख २३ देखि २८ सम्म अमेरिकाको औपचारिक भ्रमण गरेका थिए । अमेरिकी सरकारको निमन्त्रणामा उनीपछि प्रधानमन्त्रीस्तरमा अमेरिकाको औपचारिक भ्रमण भएको छैन ।   गते अमेरिकी विदेशमन्त्री कोयिलन पावेलले डेढ दशकअघि नेपाल भ्रमण गरेका थिए । त्यसयता विदेशमन्त्री वा माथिल्लोस्तरमा अमेरिकाबाट नेपाल भ्रमण भएको छैन । उपप्रधानमन्त्री कमल थापासँग अमेरिकामा केही अघि भएको भेटवार्तामा विदेशमन्त्री जोन केरीले यही अंग्रेजी बर्षको अन्तिम (आगामी पुस)सम्म नेपाल भ्रमण गर्नसक्ने बताएका थिए । तर भ्रमण भएन । 
शेरबहादुर देउवा नेतृत्वको सरकारका पालामा २०५८ साल माघ ५ गते विदेशमन्त्री पावेल नेपाल भ्रमणमा आएका थिए । माओवादीविरुद्ध सेना परिचालित भएको त्यो बेला ‘पावेलले आतंकवादविरुद्ध अमेरिकी सहयोग रहने’ घोषणा गरेका थिए । सन् २००१ सेप्टेम्बर ११ मा अलकायदाले अमेरिकाको ट्विन टावरमा हवाई हमला गरेपछि अमेरिकाले आतंकवादविरुद्ध अभियान घोषणा गरेको थियो । दक्षिण एशियाको अफगानिस्तानमा तालिवानविरुद्ध अमेरिकामा आक्रमण चलेका बेला नेपालमा माओवादीविरुद्ध तत्कालीन सरकारले सेना परिचालन गरेको थियो । त्यही बेला भारत र पाकिस्तानको भ्रमण सकेर पावेल नेपाल भ्रमणमा आएर पावेलले माओवादीविरुद्ध सरकारको कारबाहीमा ऐक्यवद्धता जनाउँदै थप सहयोगको आश्वासन दिएका थिए । त्यसबेला पावेललाई नेपाली सैनिक हेडक्वार्टरमा गार्ड अफ अनर दिएको बिषयमा विवाद भएको थियो । उनीपछि अमेरिकाबाट नेपालमा हाइप्रोफाइल भ्रमण भएको छैन । 
तत्कालीन उपप्रधानमन्त्री एवं परराष्ट्रमन्त्री केपी शर्मा ओली तथा साहना प्रधानले अर्कै सन्दर्भमा अमेरिका जाँदा अमेरिकी तत्कालीन विदेशमन्त्री कोन्डोलिजा राइससँग भेटेका थिए । २०७३ वैशाख पहिलो साता तत्कालीन उपप्रधानमन्त्री एवं परराष्ट्रमन्त्री कमल थापाले पनि अमेरिकामा तत्कालीन विदेशमन्त्री जोन केरीसँग भेटेका थिए । थापाले सन् २०१६ मै केरीको भ्रमण हुने बताएका थिए । देउवापछि नेपालका प्रधानमन्त्री अमेरिका गएका छैनन् । 
बेलायतपछि नेपालको दोस्रो कूटनीतिक सम्बन्ध
सन् १९४७ मा नेपाल र  अमेरिकाबीच कूटनीतिक सम्बन्ध स्थापित भएको थियो । बेलायतपछि नेपालले कूटनीतिक सम्बन्ध स्थापना गरेको दोस्रो मुलुक अमेरिका हो । 
सन् २००० मा एक साता दक्षिण एशियाली मुलुकको भ्रमणमा आएका अमेरिकी राष्ट्रपति विल क्लिन्टन नेपाल आएनन् । तर, अमेरिकी उपराष्ट्रपति स्पाइरो एग्नेउ सन् १९७० मा नेपाल भ्रमणमा आएका थिए जतिबेला अमेरिकी गुप्तचर एजेन्सी सीआइएको सहयोगमा तिब्बती खम्पाहरु नेपालको उत्तरी सीमानामा संगठित भएर चीनविरोधी गतिविधि सञ्चालन गरेका थिए । पछि, सेनाले उनीहरुलाई नियन्त्रणमा लिएर खम्पा बिद्रोह साम्य पारेको थियो । 
तत्कालीन राजा महेन्द्र दुईपटक र राजा वीरेन्द्र एकपटक अमेरिकाको राजकीय भ्रमणमा गएका थिए । त्यसपछि राष्ट्रप्रमुखस्तरमा भ्रमण भएको छैन । तत्कालीन प्रधानमन्त्री डा. तुल्सी गिरी र शेरबहादुर देउवाबाहेक नेपाली प्रधानमन्त्रीको औपचारिक अमेरिका भ्रमण भएको छैन । 

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